I am in Rio de Janeiro, visiting some of the places that mark Chiquinha’s presence in the city.
Palacio do Catete, located in the neighborhood of Catete
Starting from 1896, this historical and beautiful building became the White House (Presidencia da Republica) where the President and his family lived. In 1914, the first lady Nair de Teffe’ (Hermes da Fonseca’s president wife) organized a ‘sarau’ (party) where she performed the famous piece ‘Gaucho- Corta- Jaca’ by Chiquinha Gonzaga on guitar (violao). This was the first time in Brazilian history that a piece of popular music style was performed during an aristocratic gathering.
Teatro Municipal located downtown (Centro)
Built at the beginning of the twentieth century, this theater had an intense activity when Rio was the capital of the country. The piano of Chiquinha Gonzaga is exposed there. Produced in Dresden, Germany in 1902 by Ronish, it was bought by Chiquinha in 1909. The piano was donated to the ‘Teatro Municipal’ by SBAT (Sociedade Brasileira de Autores Teatrais) around 1960 and it was restored in 2014.
Confeitaria Colombo (Centro)
Confeitarias (cafes) became very important in the social life of Brazil after the Paraguayan war and the proclamation of the Republic.
The ‘confeitarias’ were the places were bohemians, intellectuals and artists often gathered, and ‘chorões’ (musicians who play choro music) played, including Antonio Calado and Chiquinha Gonzaga.
Confeitaria Colombo still maintains the original architecture.
Passeio Publico (Centro)
Inaugurated at the end of XVIII century, the Passeio Publico is where we can find the bust of Chiquinha Gonzaga, among other artists and intellectuals.